How to write an Article

How to write an article

An article is a written piece of text that provides information, presents ideas, or shares opinions on a specific topic. At the end of this lesson, you will be able to understand how to structure an article so you can write one yourself with more confidence.

  • Time

    30-40 minutes

  • Main Skill


  • Theme and topic

    Experiences - How to write an article

  • Download Available

    Reading Comprehension Exercise

Warm up
Article Example
Exam Practice

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

Plastic Pollution - A Growing Problem

Plastic pollution is a significant environmental issue caused by excessive plastic use and inadequate waste management practices. Single-use plastics, like bags, bottles, and straws, mainly contribute to this problem. They persist in the environment for centuries, harming ecosystems and marine life.

One of the most severe impacts of plastic pollution is witnessed in our oceans. Every year, millions of tons of plastic waste find their way into the sea, leading to devastating consequences. Microplastics, tiny plastic particles, are ingested by fish and other marine organisms, causing bioaccumulation in the food chain. Aquatic animals, such as sea turtles and birds, mistake plastic for food or get entangled, resulting in injury and death.

Plastic pollution also poses risks to human health. Chemicals present in plastic can leach into food and water, potentially causing various health issues. Additionally, plastic litter contributes to clogged drainage systems, leading to flooding and spreading waterborne diseases.

Efforts to combat plastic pollution require collective action. Governments, industries, and individuals all have a role in addressing this crisis. Initiatives are being undertaken to promote recycling, reduce single-use plastics, and implement bans on certain plastic items. Education and awareness campaigns are essential to change consumer behaviour and encourage responsible plastic consumption.

A shift towards a circular economy is necessary to tackle plastic pollution. This shift involves reducing plastic production, improving waste management, and promoting biodegradable or compostable alternatives. Innovation in packaging and material design plays a crucial role in minimizing the environmental impact of plastics.

The Transformative Power of Learning a Language


Learning a new language is a journey beyond linguistic proficiency. It opens doors to new cultures, broadens perspectives, and enhances cognitive abilities. This article will explore the remarkable benefits and transformative power of acquiring a second language.

  1. Cognitive Advantages: Learning a language challenges the brain and boosts cognitive abilities. Studies have shown that bilingual individuals exhibit improved problem-solving skills, enhanced memory retention, and increased mental flexibility. The process of acquiring a new language involves memorization, pattern recognition, and the ability to switch between different linguistic systems. These cognitive benefits extend beyond language learning and positively impact various areas of life, including academic performance and career prospects.
  2. Cultural Understanding and Empathy: Language learning is a gateway to understanding and appreciating diverse cultures. When we immerse ourselves in another language, we gain insights into a particular community's customs, traditions, and values. This exposure fosters empathy and respect for cultural differences. It allows us to break down barriers, connect with people from different backgrounds, and develop a global mindset. Language learners become cultural ambassadors, bridging gaps and fostering mutual understanding in an increasingly interconnected world.
  3. Improved Communication Skills: Acquiring a second language enhances communication skills. It improves listening and comprehension as learners become attuned to different accents and speech patterns. Additionally, language learners develop more vital speaking and writing skills, gaining confidence in expressing themselves effectively. Learning a new language also improves non-verbal communication as learners become more aware of cultural cues and gestures. These enhanced communication skills not only facilitate interaction with native speakers but also enrich personal and professional relationships.
  4. Professional Opportunities: Proficiency in a second language opens up professional opportunities. Employers in an increasingly globalized economy value individuals who can communicate with international partners, clients, and customers. Bilingual or multilingual professionals have a competitive edge, as they can navigate diverse cultural contexts and expand business networks. Furthermore, learning a language demonstrates adaptability, dedication, and a willingness to embrace new challenges. Language skills can boost career prospects in translation, diplomacy, tourism, or business and provide a distinct advantage in today's interconnected job market.



Learning a language is not just about acquiring a new vocabulary and grammar rules. It is a transformative process that enhances cognitive abilities, fosters cultural understanding, improves communication skills and creates valuable professional opportunities. Embracing language learning enriches our lives and enables us to connect with the world on a deeper level.

Word Count: 550 words

Use an appropriate text type from the options below the task choose. Write 450 to 600 words.

You recently were discussing the impact of social media on society and personal relationships.  Write a text to your peers in which you analyse both the positive and negative effects of social media, and provide examples and evidence to support your claims.

  • Review
  • Diary
  • Article

IB English B Language Skills

  • Listening & Speaking

    Skills to communicate both professionally and socially.

  • Reading

    Skills to stimulates imagination memory and recall information

  • Writing

    Skills to foster the ability to explain and refine ideas.

IB English B Themes

  • Experiences

    Opportunities to consider how events which take place impact an individual's life.

  • Human Ingenuity

    Opportunities to explore the sciences, technology and creativity.

  • Identities

    Opportunities to discover interests, values, belief and culture.

  • Sharing The Planet

    Opportunities to look at the challenges faced by individuals and communities in the modern world.

  • Social Organization

    Opportunities to explore the way in which groups of people organise themselves through common systems or interests.

Course Categories

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