Overtourism is a major problem to solve as governments are trying to balance the well-being of their people and the economy as more tourist visit their countries. At the end of this lesson, you will be able to identify and explain why we need to manage mass tourism.

  • Time

    30-40 minutes

  • Main Skill


  • Theme and topic

    Sharing the Planet - Overtourism

  • Download Available

    Listening Task Script

Click on the tabs to begin.


Tourism has grown exponentially over the past few decades, but what effect is it having on some of the world’s most beautiful cities? This video breaks down four major ways cities are being impacted by mass tourism. Watch the video and name these four major impacts.

You hear a radio programme about why locals are tired of over-tourism in Europe and looking at ways to reduce visitors.

A. Identify true or false statements: According to Lisa, which of the following statements are true or false? 

1. Lisa was visiting Dubrovnik as she is a big fan of Game of Thrones.

2. Despite not knowing the local language, Lisa knew why the old woman was angry.

3. Many of the locals in Dubrovnik prefer to stay away during the busy tourist season.

4. Europe is experiencing a decline in tourism.

5. In some areas in Barcelona, rental cost for apartments has increased due to tourists staying there.

6. There are groups in Spain trying to discourage tourists from visiting their areas by displaying notices in a variety of languages.

7. Locals held a street protest in tourist spots in Venice.

B. Gap-fill. Complete the text.Eric Zelo wrote a book called the History of (8) . According to Eric, tourism was promoted in Europe due to (9) reasons. Eric explains that Tourism was a way to build the economy as well as stopping (10) spreading across Europe. In addition, he believes that it was a way to encourage (11) . He stresses that tourism should not be treated like a (12) .

C. Multiple Choice Choose the correct statement. 

13. What did the Spanish Prime Minister do?


Read the text about the negative effect of tourism boom in Barcelona.

Here are the keywords and phrases to learn:

  • bad behaviour
  • cruise ships
  • day-trippers
  • economy
  • exponentially
  • heritage site
  • local shops
  • major impacts
  • mass tourism
  • overcrowding
  • pollution
  • popular tourism spots
  • rising prices
  • visitors

Answers for the video
1. Overcrowding
2. Pollution
3. Bad Behaviour
4. Rising Prices

Answers for the listening exercise.
1. False 2. True 3. True 4. False 5. True 6. False 7. True
8. Modern Tourism 9. historical 10. communism 11. world peace 12. plague
13. C

Discuss the following questions in your classmates or with a friend.

  1. What are the pros and cons of tourism in your country?
  2. How does tourism affect your neighbourhood?
  3. What experiences do you have of the downsides of tourism?
  4. Do you think you enjoy the benefits of tourism? In what way?
  5. Do you think tourism should be curbed in any way? If so, how?

IB English B Language Skills

  • Listening & Speaking

    Skills to communicate both professionally and socially.

  • Reading

    Skills to stimulates imagination memory and recall information

  • Writing

    Skills to foster the ability to explain and refine ideas.

IB English B Themes

  • Experiences

    Opportunities to consider how events which take place impact an individual's life.

  • Human Ingenuity

    Opportunities to explore the sciences, technology and creativity.

  • Identities

    Opportunities to discover interests, values, belief and culture.

  • Sharing The Planet

    Opportunities to look at the challenges faced by individuals and communities in the modern world.

  • Social Organization

    Opportunities to explore the way in which groups of people organise themselves through common systems or interests.

Course Categories

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